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Tanzania: Dar Water Woes to End As Plant Gets Power

Tanzania: Dar Water Woes to End As Plant Gets Power

DAR ES SALAAM residents will soon breathe a sigh of relief over water shortages following completion of the construction of a 33KV power line that will enable pumping of 196 million litres of water from Upper Ruvu Water Treatment Plant to the city daily.

The 45-km power line was constructed from Chalinze sub-station to Mlandizi, where the newly built water treatment plant is located.

The major plant which is expected to address the long existed water woes among city residents was last year expanded to make it produce more water from 82 million litres to 196 million litres.

However, since completion of the construction project mid last year, the plant could not produce to its full potential due to insufficient electricity to pump water, until last weekend when the power line was put in place.

A statement released by the Dar es Salaam Water and Sewerage Authority (DAWASA), yesterday, said that through its contractor WABAG of India which has sub-contracted a local firm, Ms Mollel Electrical, on Sunday completed the work at Mlandizi pumping station.
"The only work remaining now is to connect the new line to the plant so that all water pumps could function," she said. DAWASA thanked the Tanzania Electric Supply Company Limited (TANESCO) for according cooperation and consultancy that contributed to completion of the project.(Tanzania Electric Supply Company Limited (TANESCO) is a Tanzanian parastatal organisation established in 1964. It is wholly owned by the government of Tanzania. The Ministry of Energy and Minerals regulates the operations of TANESCO.)

Its business include: electricity generation, electricity transmission, electricity distribution and sale of electricity to the Tanzanian mainland and bulk power supply to the island of Zanzibar.

The company has a workforce of 4,896 persons. Its main offices are located in Dar es Salaam and it operates regional offices throughout Tanzania.)

Last year, Minister for Water and Irrigation, Eng Gerson Lwenge, said that with the completion of the project, a total of 586 million litres of water will be produced for the city since the Lower Ruvu Water Treatment Plant now produces 390 million litres.

This means the total production will now exceed the water needs for the city which currently stands at about 400 million litres per day.

"This is a big step ahead in ending water woes in the city," Minister Lwenge said after visiting the project site, last year. He said that since more water is going to be pumped, thereafter the government will move to focusing on improving water supply network because a large amount of water has been lost due to poor water supply infrastructure.

Some information about the water supply of Dar es Salaam

In 2003, following a long and costly selection process, City Water Services (CWS), a private operator was engaged under a lease contract with the Dar es Salaam Water and Sewerage Authority (DAWASA) to provide water supply and sewerage services in Tanzania's largest city. CWS' performance was disappointing and it encountered serious financial difficulties early. Within two years, the contract collapsed with the dramatic expulsion of its expatriate managers from the country. Two international arbitration tribunals ensued. The case raises compelling questions about the preparation of the public-private partnership (PPP), the selection process, the allocation of risks in the contract, expectations regarding financial viability and service improvements, the effectiveness of the public-public partnership that has existed since the private operator departed, and how to structure institutional relationships to ensure accountability. It also provides an opportunity to evaluate how customers, especially the poor, were affected. The objective of the present study is to review the evolution of the institutional framework for water supply and sewerage services in Dar es Salaam from the late 1990s to 2010, assess the performance of the key actors, and extract lessons that might be useful to Government of the United Republic of Tanzania (GOT), DAWASA, the World Bank, other international lenders and sector practitioners. Frequent reference is made to the Dar es Salaam Water Supply and Sanitation Project (DWSSP) which supported the institutional reforms and investments in the services from 2003-2010.

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